Hey, welcome to another exciting article by FoxAdvise in this article we bring you the top 10 computer hacks, Cyber Attacks, Cyber Security of all time.
10 Estonia cyber attack
From April 27 2007, Estonia, the European country faced a series of cyber attacks that lasted for weeks. This happened when the Estonian government decided to move the Bron soldier from the talent center to a less prominent military cemetery located on the city’s outskirts.
unprecedented levels of internet traffic took down Estonian banks, online services, media outlets, broadcasters and government bodies. botnets sent massive waves of spam and vast amounts of automated online requests. According to researchers, the public faces DDoS attacks, there are conflicts to edit the English language version of the brawn soldiers Wikipedia pages well, although there is no confirmation, Russia is believed to be behind these cyber-attacks that largely crippled the Estonian society.
09 Ukraine power grid cyber Attack
Let’s now move on to the next attack. On December 23 2015, several parts of Ukraine witnessed a power outage and this was not a typical blackout. It was indeed the result of a cyber attack information system of three energy distribution companies in Ukraine were compromised.
It is the first known victorious cyber attack on a power grid. It is said that your hackers sent out phishing emails to the power companies 30 substations were switched off and about 230,000 people were left in the dark for about one to six hours.
Us investigators believed that Russia based hackers were responsible for this expert I want that other country could also be vulnerable to such attacks.
08 NASA Cyber Attack
Number eight. In the year 1999, a cyber attack caused a 21 day shutdown of NASA computers. Unbelievable, isn’t it? The Hacker was none other than the den 15 year old Jonathan James. He first penetrated US Department of Defence divisions computers and installed a backdoor on its servers.
This allowed him to intercept more than 1000 government emails, including the ones containing usernames and passwords. This helped James steal a piece of NASA software and crack the NASA computers that support the International Space Station, which costs the space exploration agencies $41,000 assistance were shut down for three weeks. He was the first person to carry out a computer hack against the American space agency.
07 Sony Pictures hack
Let’s now move on to the next attack. In late November 2014, there was a leak of confidential data from the film studio of Sony Pictures. Information about Sony Pictures employees, their emails, copies of the 10 unreleased Sony films, future prepositions and other crucial data were leaked. This cyber attack was carried out by a hacker group named guardians of peace. So, what did the hackers want?
Well, they demanded that Sony withdraw its then-upcoming movie the interview. This movie was a comedy storyline to assassinate the North Korean leader Kim Jong on. Sony then decided to cancel the film’s theatrical release due to the threats at cinema screening the movie, it is indeed hard to trace the roots of a cyber-attack. In this case, after evaluation the US intelligence officials arrived at the theory that the attack was in a way related to the government of North Korea. However, North Korea had denied the same.
06 TJX Hack
Moving on to number six. In December 2006 TJX the US retailer company identified that 45 point 6 million debit and credit card details were stolen. This happened from one of its systems over 18 months by an unknown number of intruders. It was one of the first largest cyber attacks involving the loss of personal data.
As a result, banks in the affected regions had to reissue and block 1000s of payment cards. A group of hackers did this Albert Gonzalez being the mastermind. The group was from Miami the place where the DJ x heist was believed to have originated report said that the DJ x data breach occurred because of weak web encryption at two of its Marshall stores in Miami.
Next, moving on to our top five, let us see what we have at number five. The year 2010 witnessed the discovery of the deadly computer worm Stuxnet. This malware his motive was unlike any other usual cyberattacks. It aimed at disrupting the equipment that computers controlled, Stuxnet came with the deadly purpose of damaging Iran’s nuclear infrastructure.
It infected more than 200,000 computers, including 14 industrial sites and a uranium enrichment plant in Iran. Stuxnet at first spread by means of Microsoft Windows and focused on Siemens mechanical control frameworks. Although it was discovered only in 2010, it is believed to have been silently sabotaging Iran’s nuclear facilities. It was one of the first discovered malware that was capable of hampering hardware systems, it’s largely damaged the centrifuges of the Iranian reactors.
This is believed to be a cyber weapon created by the US and the Israeli intelligence, although there is no documented evidence or acceptance by either of the countries for the same.
04 Home depot hacked
Moving on to number four in the year 2014. Home Depot was the victim of one of the deadliest cyber attacks 56 million payment cards were compromised, along with 53 million customer email addresses stolen. This security breach happened from April to September 2014. criminals were believed to have used a third-party windows username and password to enter the perimeter of Home Depot’s network. The attackers were then able to deploy custom-built malware on its self-checkout systems in the US and Canada.
Moving on to a top three. As you might be aware, the PlayStation gaming system is one of Sony’s most popular products. Unfortunately, in April 2011, Sony executives witnessed abnormal activity on the PlayStation Network. This resulted in the compromise of approximately 77 million PlayStation users accounts and prevented users of PlayStation three and PlayStation Portable consoles from accessing the service.
This forced Sony to turn off the PlayStation Network on April 20. On May 4, Sony affirmed that actually recognizable data from every one of the 77 million records had been uncovered. The outage lasted for 23 days, Sony released almost daily announcements concerning the system outage. In the end, Sony is believed to have invested approximately 170 million dollars to improve the network security to investigate the attack and to cover the expenses of caring for the consumers that had been affected.
Let’s now move on to the next attack at number two. In May 2017, one of the most dangerous cyber attacks took place. It was known as the wannacry ransomware attack caused by the wannacry crypto worm. The victims were the users that used the unsupported version of Microsoft Windows and those who hadn’t installed the new security update.
This did not take place through phishing like other attacks but through an exposed vulnerable SMB port. The attack originated in Asia and then eventually spread across the globe. In a day, more than 200,000 computers were infected across 150 countries. The wannacry crypto one locked the users out of the targeted systems and encrypted their data. The users were asked for a ransom of 300 to $600 which had to be paid why a Bitcoin in exchange for their data.
This attack took a toll on both private and government organizations. It resulted in damages from hundreds of millions to billions of dollars. In a matter of a few days, the emergency patches released by Microsoft halted the attack. Also, the discovery of a kill switch prevented the infected computers from spreading the crypto world. Security experts and a few countries believed that North Korea was behind this attack.
let’s see what we have at number one. More than two decades ago in March 1999, the melissa virus a mass-mailing macro virus was released. It focused on Microsoft Word and standpoint based frameworks and made significant organization traffic melissa infection tainted PCs through messages, the email would resemble a significant message.
Well, yes, it was fake. If the recipient opens the attachments in the mail and downloads the document and then opens it with Microsoft Word, a virus was released on their computers. This one done mass-mail itself to the initial 50 individuals in the casualty’s contacts rundown and afterward impair different defend includes on Microsoft Word and Microsoft Outlook.
This began spreading like a wildfire across the internet. David L. Smith released the virus, the virus caused nearly 80 million worth of damages. It did not steal data or money. However, it caused havoc. Almost 1 million email accounts were disrupted worldwide, agencies were overloaded and some had to be shut down entirely and internet traffic in some locations was slowed down.
So, with that, we come to the end of this Article on the top 10 computer hacks of all time. Do you agree with our list? If you’re aware of any other great interesting computer hacks in history, do let us know in the comment section below.
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